Pelvic Pain and Pain During Intercourse

Sex is supposed to be a pleasurable act between two consenting adults. So, when it starts to hurt, you know that something isn't right. Some women experience persistent pain symptoms during and after sex. This condition, known as "dyspareunia," typically occurs during penetration of the vagina.

Inserting female hygiene products like tampons may cause pain, and deep thrusting during sex may also be responsible for pain symptoms. The degree of your pain varies from person-to-person.

Unfortunately, in most cases, medical science is still at a loss to explain the reasons for the development of pelvic pain and pain during intercourse. The treatment for the condition requires your physician to understand your symptoms. They also need to know how the situation is affecting your well-being and lifestyle.

Here are four reasons why you're experiencing pain during intercourse.


  1. A Vaginal Infection

Infections can cause inflammation and pain in the vagina, along with other symptoms like discharge and a bad odor. More than 30% of women experience bacterial vaginosis each year, which creates a bacterial imbalance in the vagina. If left unmanaged and untreated, it can lead to dryness and pain during sex.

Other STIs like gonorrhea, chlamydia, trich, and HPV all cause pain during intercourse, as well as symptoms of discharge, and in some cases, genital warts.

Milder infections such as UTIs and yeast infections can also cause vaginal dryness and pain during intercourse. Women must get themselves checked out if they experience any of these symptoms. Delaying treatment could expose you to higher health risks.


  1. Irritation or Injury to the Vagina or Vulva

The vaginal opening and the vulva have delicate and sensitive skin. It's not uncommon for injuries to happen to these areas during sex, especially if the vagina feels dry. The additional friction from penetration may cause swelling, sensitivity, and pain.

Other traumas that can occur to the vulva and vagina include surgery, female circumcision, piercings, or an episiotomy to widen the birth canal. Some skin conditions like eczema or a condition called lichen planus may also cause pain and irritation to the vagina and vulva.


  1. Vaginismus

This medical condition describes the involuntary contraction of the pelvic floor and vaginal muscles, resulting in tension. As a result, the woman's partner may have trouble penetrating her during sex. This involuntary muscular response can occur at any time and for any reason. It may happen when you're putting in a tampon or before sex.

Medical science is still unclear on the cause of the conditions, and treatment may include physical and psychological therapies.


  1. Vulvodynia or Vestibular Vulvitis

If you're experiencing severe pain during penetration, then vestibular vulvitis or vulvodynia is a likely cause. This condition creates significant amounts of pain during sex, or even during activities like riding a bicycle.

Medical science is unable to explain the cause of the condition. However, some experts believe it might be an inflammatory response from nerves at the vulva and the vagina opening, causing pain and hypersensitivity.

Unfortunately, there is no cure from this condition, but it's possible to manage the pain symptoms with medication use.

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